Estanislao Soria ialah seorang paderi Kristian dari mazhab Katolik (Roman Catholic) yang berasal dari Filipina. Beliau mendapat pendidikan dan memperoleh ijazah dari Xavier University dan Loyola School of Theology, Ateneo de Manila University. Ketika pemimpin Islam Moro, Nur Misuari, bercadang untuk menjadikan Mindanao sebuah negara Islam terpisah daripada Filipina, Estanislao Soria menentang cadangan itu. Beliau (yang lebih dikenali di Filipina sebagai ‘Father Stan’) berazam membuktikan penentangan beliau itu secara ilmiah. Justeru beliau telah membuat kajian yang mendalam dalam bidang sosiologi dan sejarah Filipina untuk membuktikan bahawa cadangan Nur Misuari adalah tidak berasas sama sekali.
Di samping itu beliau berasa perlu untuk berdakwah kepada orang-orang Islam bertujuan untuk membawa mereka kepada Kristian. Untuk mencapai tujuan ini buku-buku tentang Islam telah beliau baca dan kaji. Akhirnya sesuatu yang mengejutkan telah berlaku, iaitu, selepas beliau mengkaji Islam beliau menyedari bahawa Islamlah agama yang sebenarnya dan seterusnya memeluk agama Islam pada tahun 2001.
Beliau mendapati banyak pandangan yang diutarakan oleh tokoh-tokoh Kristian seperti Thomas Aquinas adalah berasaskan ajaran Islam. Beliau berkata, “Kajian saya menyedarkan saya bahawa tamadun Barat sebenarnya berkembang kesan daripada ajaran Islam… Saya juga menyedari bahawa Gospel mengikut Barnabas adalah lebih sahih (credible) jika dibandingkan dengan keempat-empat Gospel yang terdapat dalam Bible sekarang (iaitu Gospel mengikut Mark, Matthew, Luke dan John).” (Gospel mengikut Barnabas menceritakan dengan jelas tentang pengutusan nabi Muhammad selepas nabi Isa).
FILIPINO THEOLOGIAN EMBRACES ISLAM
By Rexcel Sorza
November 7, 2005
IOL Philippines Correspondent
When Muslim rebel leader Nur Misuari wanted Mindanao to secede and become an Islamic state, a Mindanao-born theologian and sociologist was among the first to rise and argue that the southern Philippine island is never home to Muslims alone. Catholic priest Estanislao Soria campaigned against the Moros’ takeover of the whole of Mindanao. “I vehemently disagreed with Mr. Misuari. I campaigned against the Moro movement,” said Soria, who used to be popularly known as “Father Stan.”
Soria did not want to argue without basis as he is an academic and theologian schooled in the Jesuit-run learning institutions. He embarked on a historical and sociological research to back his arguments. In the back of mind, though, was the thought of the need to convert Muslims to Christianity. This also brought him to read Islamic writings, and, quite surprisingly, lead him to revert to Islam.
“As a linguist well-versed in Latin, Greek and Hebrew, I thought I can learn Arabic that easily. I also wanted to translate Arabic writings into English as well as translate Western ideologies like existentialism into Arabic but I realized it was difficult,” he told IslamOnline. net.
Soria believed that making Western writings available in Arabic would lead Muslims in Mindanao to appreciate Christianity more than Islam. “I wanted to open their minds to Christianity because I had heard a lot of negative things about the Muslims. I told myself they have to be educated.”
But in getting deep into his readings, Soria realized that persons considered as “Church fathers” such as Saint Thomas Aquinas, got their knowledge from Islamic readings and teachings; that many of the so-called Western ideologies and theologies have long been discussed in Islam. “[My readings] enlightened me that Western civilization’ s thoughts sprung from Islamic teachings. After reading more works of Islamic theologians, I strongly changed my views on Islam,” he told IslamOnline. net.
Soria added, “I even realized that the Gospel of Barnabas is even more credible than the gospels of the four evangelists [included in the Christian Bible].” The Gospel of Barnabas is a work purporting to be a depiction of the life of Jesus by his disciple Barnabas. It is also considered to be pro-Islamic. He, too, found out through his sociological research that most of the negative things said of the Filipino Muslims were untrue. “They were not what they were stereotyped to be.”
In 2001, Soria, who had served as parish priest in various cities and towns in Metro Manila after taking his college and theology studies at Xavier University and Loyola School of Theology, both of the Jesuit-run Ateneo de Manila University, reverted to Islam.
He has since been known as Muhammad Soria, but many, including his Muslim friends, still call him “Father Stan.” The 64-year-old Soria said his decision was met with condemnation and disgust by most of his relatives and former parishioners, an experience similar to what many of the Muslim reverts, locally known as Balik Islam, go through. This, however, did not deter him from leaving the priesthood after 14 years and embracing Islam. Soria is getting used to Islam, which to him is not only a religion but a way of life.
He has gone on Hajj in Makkah five times already, being a member of the Islamic Da`wah Movement of the Philippines. He also married a 24-year-old woman last year after living a celibate life as a priest. Soria said that if there is one thing that Muslims should learn from Christians, it is being organized. To him, having a structure would greatly help in spreading Islam as structure helped the Christians.
For example, he said, Muslims should put up universities all over the globe, as Catholic missionaries did with their universities. Also, “why can’t Islamic states produce preachers and do what the Christian missionaries did?” he asked. He further said there is a need to “intellectualize Islam through rationality” because by doing so the teachings embodied in the Qur’an would be better appreciated by people totally new to it. He is also ecstatic about the annual fast this Ramadan. He said he is again reminded of the sunrise to sundown fast’s “spiritual value” in contrast to the Christian’s dieting “which is too material or human.”
Soria said, “In Islam, we are taught that if you discipline your body the Creator would grant your wish.” Harmony between Filipino Muslims and Filipino Christians in this largely Christian nation, amid the stereotyping of Muslims as terrorists, is among the wishes he prays to be granted.